Tuesday, May 19, 2020
When defining great literature, graphic novels are often the last source scholars and educators consider. In general, graphic novels are seen as low-brow, mass culture entertainment or as pedagogical tools (Long 6). In recent years graphic novels have proven to be worthy of being considered great literature and valuable tools in the classroom. Comic books should not be viewed simply as aesthetic objects, but rather as texts which function when read by their audience within a specific context. Our education curriculums are heavily relied on reading comprehension, which has proven to be a struggle for visual learners. Graphic novels offer value, variety, and new medium for literacy that acknowledges the impact of visuals. Novels such as Maus by Art Spiegelman and The Sandman (vertigo) by Neil Gainman, not only appeal to visual learners, but are useful across all curriculums. Maus and The Sandman offer different style narratives and visuals that reflect the diverse nature of graphic nov els. The variety in compositions between these two demonstrate the strengths of the graphic novel genre, and how they can be considered valuable sources of education. The use of word image combination allow the reader of graphic novels to experience much more than what words allot. For visual learners that struggle with reading compression, the visual components of graphic novels help portray the context in a medium that is easier for these learners to digest. Maus by Art Spiegelman is one of
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Knowledge Framework- Mathematics Scope and Application Mathematics is the application of shared knowledge to help solve problems. It is about quantity, shape, space and change. Today, mathematics is integrated and closely tied into numerous professions. Accountants use math to keep track of a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s financial movements, programmers must have a firm grasp on fundamental mathematics and algorithms, engineers use math to design, develop and manufacture, and meteorologists use math to forecast weather; almost all professions require some aspect of mathematics. Mathematics can be applied in many different forms due the vast amount of content this area of knowledge contains. Math is divided into Algebra, geometry, trigonometry, calculus, statistics, probability etc. and these divisions are further divided into sub-divisions (ex. differential and integral calculus). Mathematics is very important in teaching people how to deal with problems that arise in everyday life. Mathematics has to be applied every time you visit a cash register, or every time a go to the bank; itÃ¢â¬â¢s involvement in everyday life is constant. By applying mathematical knowledge, one is able to solve problems. Math teaches us that every problem has a solution. Ã¢â¬Å"The process of starting from a simple set of axioms and deriving almost any mathematical truth (putting Godel to one side) is what truly separates Mathematics from any other subjectÃ¢â¬ http://www.studential.com/personalstatements/getpscourse.asp?type=34Show MoreRelatedThe Conceptual Framework Of Assessment Essay1115 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesConceptual Framework of Assessment Since mathematical knowledge for teaching has been directly linked to the teacherÃ¢â¬â¢s instructional quality (Selling, Garcia, Loewenberg Ball, 2016), and hence is likely to impact student achievement, it is vital to be able to access the mathematical knowledge of teachers. It is important for educators and researchers to track the growth and development of MKT as it may be indicative of the effectiveness of educational and professional development programs forRead MoreUnderstand Current National and Organisational Frameworks for Mathematics1520 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesUnderstand current national and organisational frameworks for mathematics 1.1 Explain the aims and importance of learning provision for numeracy development. Numeracy development is important for all children as maths is an important part of everyday life. The way in which maths is taught has changed greatly over the years. When I was at school we were taught one method to reach one answer. Now, particularly in early primary phase, children are taught different methods to reach an answerRead MoreThe Development Of Mathematics Changes And Grows Continually992 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAssessment 1A Maths The development of mathematics changes and grows continually. Teachers are finding new ways and strategies to keep up with learning and having a broader view on the ways chidren learn and develop. Their are many views of which theories are best suited in teaching mathematics, different age groups are better suited to different theories.Constructivism is a theory which has become a challenge in teaching mathematics with learning how to develop models of teaching that build on,Read MoreThe Assessment Data Of The Miles College Self Study777 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages1.1.a What did the evidence reveal about the unit continuing to meet this standard? The assessment data included in the Miles College self-study states that candidates preparing to work in schools, know and demonstrate content knowledge, pedagogical skills and professional dispositions needed to be facilitators of learning for all students in P-12 schools (IR, p. 3). . The Professional Education Unit at Miles College prepares candidates, at the initial level, in ten Alabama State Department ofRead MoreEvaluation And Outcomes Of Inquiry Based Learning Essay1457 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesInquiry-based Learning in Mathematics Content Courses for Pre-service TeachersÃ¢â¬ by Laursen, Hassi, and Hough (2016). The following discussion provides the selection criteria, and an article summary, and evaluates the article based upon the 11 review criteria used in the Journal of Mixed Methods ResearchÃ¢â¬â¢s review process. The selection of this article relied on specific criteria, particularly its use of a mixed method design and its relevance as a recent work within my field, mathematics education. In theRead MoreSolving The Mathematical Tasks As A Framework For Reflection1614 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Introduction In this paper I will be discussing the mathematical task framework, low cognitive demand and high cognitive demand by using two different articles. The research I will be using is from Ã¢â¬Å"Mathematical Tasks as a Framework for Reflection: From Research to PracticeÃ¢â¬ by Mary Kay Stein and Margaret Schwan Smith and Ã¢â¬Å"Selecting and Creating Mathematical Tasks: From Research to PracticeÃ¢â¬ by Margaret Schwan Smith and Mary Kay Stein. I have been given several different tasks that I have analyzedRead MoreEssay Theoretical Stance on Learning and Teaching Mathematics1495 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesResearch Essay: Theoretical Stance for the Teaching of Mathematics Ã¢â¬â As a pre-service teacher, my philosophy of teaching Mathematics is based on a constructivist, student-centred approach. I have learned, through my practicum experiences, as well as Mathematics Education courses, which advocate this approach, that it is the most effective way to teach Mathematics. This essay will explicitly describe my philosophy, as well as explain and justify the specific teaching and learning strategies relatedRead MoreThe Professional Education Unit ( Peu )893 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEducation, Elementary Education, English Language Arts Education, General Science Education, History/Social Science Education, Mathematics/Mathematics Education, Music/Music Education (Choral), and Music/Music Education (Instrumental). The assessment data included in the unitÃ¢â¬â¢s self-study states that candidates preparing to work in schools, know and demonstrate content knowledge, pedagogical skills and professional dispositions needed to be facilitators of learning for all studen ts in P-12 schools (IRRead MoreMathematics : Important When Looking At Australian Teenagers And Diet And The Recommended Diet By Health Professionals972 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMathematics used in the investigation Mathematics is important when looking at Australian teenagersÃ¢â¬â¢ nutrients consumption. Different mathematics will be used throughout the investigation process, such as statistics, measurement and number. Statistics has become one of the major mathematics learning areas as interpreting and working with a number of data became important numeracy skills according to the development of new technologies. Different statistics will be collected during secondary researchRead MoreTda 3.12 Support Numeracy Development762 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesUNIT 312 - Understand Current National and Organisational Frameworks for Mathematics The aims and importance of learning provision for numeracy development are to ensure all students understand that maths is a vital part of everyday life and will continue to be used throughout their life. Primary schools will teach students to learn various methods and techniques to be able to reach the correct answer. The end goal means more students will be able to solve a mathematical problem, independently
Questions: 1.What issues should you consider when you discover the actual facts about the ownership and operation of the insured automobile? 2.ABC indicates that coverage will not apply as such an alarm system is one of its absolute requirements. Can ABC be forced to honour the claim? Explain why or why not. 3.What is the legal position of the Insurer? 4.Identify and explain five benefits of an insurer obtaining reinsurance to further spread their Financial Risk. Answers: 1.The issues which has to be considered in this case is that a false information has been provided by the clients in relation to the car. Section 652 of the Insurance Act provides that for the purpose of a formation of a contract of insurance it is necessary for the clients to provide all necessary facts related to the property which is being insured. Thus in this case the major issue is the actual owner in an adult who is not named in the insurance thus this leads to the concealment of material facts. 2.In the given case it was the duty of Mr. White to inform that there was no alarm system in place while the policy was been taken. However it is not a material fact which has been not disclosed by Mr. White. It was the duty of the insurer to ask Mr. White whether they had an alarm system or not. In such case Mr. White could not force the honor claim. 3.In the given case if the staff insurer would have notified the insured to start the repair work the insurer would have been liable to the claim. However as in this case there was no expressed or implied act which signified that the repair was allowed by the insurer a claim cannot be made 4.FIVE benefits of an insurer obtaining reinsurance to further spread their financial risk are The liability of the insurer is limited through reinsurance to only the amount they wish to be liable for. The amount which is desired by the proposer in excess to the limit can be transferred to another insurer Great stability as the business becomes wide spread Safeguards against significant effects of conflagration Stabilizes loses and income in long run which ultimately results in the spreading of financial risks Reference Insurance Act 200
Tuesday, April 21, 2020
The positive and negative effects of ICT in view of its social, economic, legal and moral implications Essay Example
The positive and negative effects of ICT in view of its social, economic, legal and moral implications Paper Computers have and will continue to revolutionise every part of our day-to-day living. The use of ICT has made great improvement to our living. The use of ICT has made great improvements to be lives, and has done a lot of good for mankind. However, the use ICT regardless of its advantages also has its down sides. In this report, I am going to discuss some of the positive and negative effects of ICT in view of its social, economic, legal and moral implications. Social aspects are those effects that are made upon society, and how people behave and act towards each other. Moral issues arte those, which concern right and wrong. Economic issues are linked with employment and money. Finally legal aspects are those to do with the law. The social issues consist of:- 1. (information risk) and (information poor) Not every one is able to afford a computer. A two tie society could be created because of this people who are computer literate and those who are unable to exploit the technology. We will write a custom essay sample on The positive and negative effects of ICT in view of its social, economic, legal and moral implications specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on The positive and negative effects of ICT in view of its social, economic, legal and moral implications specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on The positive and negative effects of ICT in view of its social, economic, legal and moral implications specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer 2. The internet changing how we react More people are shopping online and are communicating via email making people lazy. Internet communication may make people lose their personal communication sills. 3. over reliance on technology People rely too much on computers for the smooth running of society. 4. impact on literacy People spend more time on the computer games and the consequences less time for reading and improving literacy skills. Educations concentration may drop. 5. Swiftness of life The pace of life is increasing by the use of computers. Computers are changing and may people are adapting to the way of the internet thinking. The main moral issues are: 1. unrestricted internet areas Children access sites without parental control. There is little control on what can be downloaded or posted on the internet. 2. computers are replacing people at work People are losing their jobs because the computers are machineries do their jobs. 3. easy to copy files copying computer files is very easy. The use of computers has a great effect on people all around the world. Email is a cheap and fast to be sent to whom you want around the world. Videoconferences can be held because this increasing technology. This digital communication is used through satellite and telephone capable. The use of television and cable is also used through satellite. Now internet can be accessed through phone and via text, images and videos can be sent in seconds. The legal aspect of ICT The increasing use of ICT and its effects many new laws have had to be made. Some of which are listed below:- The data protection Act 1998 This presents the data themes with its right. It contains 8 rules which are as follows: Personal data must be used for lawfully purpose All personal data must be processed fairly and lawfully. The data must be pertinent, significant, and less for the purpose. Should be exact Data must be safe in the right of the data subject matters Data must not go out to any countries out of the European economic. If the law is not abided on then the person would be faced with a consequence such as paying a fine. Computer misuse Act 1990 Due to the misuse of ICT such as hacking, fraud and viruses, the law was introduced in 1990 called computer misuse act 1990, this made three things illegal which are as followed: Illegal hacking, this includes things that you are not allowed to look legally. The started that if this rule was broken then the person would get a fine of Ã ¯Ã ¿Ã ½2000 and a six month imprisonment. If someone gained computer materials illegally, then the consequence for breaking this rule is that the person gets an unlimited fine and imprisonment, the maximum years for imprisonment is up to five years. The copyright Design and patience act 1989 This law states that it is illegal to copy files without authorization from the copyright holder. The law can be broken in three ways Downloading text and images from the internet, by not saying where you got them from. Using software without the licence. Copying a program which you use at work and then you use that same program at home with out asking the copyright holder for permission. The person who does this they are breaking the law and the person would get an unlimited fine. The regulations of investigatory power Act 2000 This law is about converting computer uses at work for health and safety (Display Screen Equipment) regulations 1992. This law says that the employer needs to do 5 things: Analyse workstations, and access to reduce risk for the employers need to check that computer equipment is safe and if it is not they have to make it straight. Ensure workstations meet minimum requirements: this includes working computer chairs and good lighting. Planning work so there are changes of activities: employers should not expect there employers to work on the computers all day they should give them breaks. They have to provide free eye tests to all the staff members, who regularly use VDU (Visual Display Units) as part of their job. Provide health and safety training and information: so employers would know some kind of action themselves to reduce the health risks. The economic aspects of ICT Many jobs have been lost thought this revolution of computers and machines. These jobs are mostly last through the car industry because they have switched from manual labour to computer-controlled machines, to construct their cars. The government faces unemployment because of machines, which have taken over thought computerised systems. However, the government helps people find jobs. The internet is an open door to trading EBay is one of the fastest growing ways of selling at home. The social economic issues in regards to using ICT in interactive travel agencies: Social aspects: People may fear that there personal information would be hacked into. People might become too reliable on using the travel agency on the net, which it may result in them losing their confidence of actually asking directly about flight in the travel agencies. No appointment is needed to use the online travel bookings. People may feel more free and comfortable on using the travel agent system as there is no time limit where it can be used. People may not know how to use computers so they will not fell comfortable. Moral aspects: Some people may feel that this system is available to children and they may get access to some particular things which parents may feel uncomfortable with. The travel agency system may be a popularity of travel agencies.
Monday, March 16, 2020
British Library Project Introduction The British Library project was undertaken by the British Library, which is the biggest and the official national library for the United Kingdom (UK). The library currently holds about 150 million items in form of books, journals, videos and other forms of materials which are sourced globally (Wedgeworth 1993, p. 149).Advertising We will write a custom report sample on British Library Project specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The library is accredited with holding up to 14 million books from various sources and some of them are historic (meaning that they date from 2000 BC) (Wedgeworth 1993, p. 149). Annually, the library is estimated to add up to 3 million items in various modes and collectively, the distance covered is up to 11 kilometers (Wedgeworth 1993, p. 149). The library is currently a non-departmental public entity and most of the projects undertaken by the institution have been under the department of culture, me dia and sport (in terms of sponsorship and supervision). The Library undertook a failed project that saw it experience delays of up to 5 years and an upsurge of project costs that were in excess of 400 million Euros. There are many reasons advanced for the failure of projects but every project has its own unique characteristics (Walravens 2006, p. 30). This study will focus on the British Library project and account for the delays and shortcomings of the project. Secondly, this study will analyze the role the project managerial team had in causing these delays and the overspill of budgetary cost. Thirdly, this report will evaluate the possible remedies which could have been adopted by the project managers to avert the delays and overspill of project expenditures. Lastly, a conclusion summarizing the above findings will be provided. Delays and Cost Increases Project delays are a common recipe for the failure to meet project deadlines (Sears 2008, p. 1). There are often a number of re asons why various projects fail to meet their deadlines, thereby resulting in delays, but a number of them are unique to the project itself. The British library project resulted in significant delays of up to 5 years. There were a number of reasons voiced by various shareholders but most of them are not unique to the project per se, but projects of similar nature as well.Advertising Looking for report on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More One of the reasons attributed to the project delay was the overambitious estimation of the time needed to complete the project (Mincks 2004). There was also an incorrect task assessment of the project. Perhaps, the optimism evidenced in the project came about from the project outcomes expected of the study and previous precedents set by other projects of similar nature and undertaken by other organizations. However, the failure to correctly estimate the factual tim e schedule could be attributed to the failure of the project shareholders to coordinate effectively, thereby leading to overly optimistic time schedules. Also, the theoretical time scheduling failed to factor in the practical challenges of implementing such time schedules, therefore leading to excessive delays. Also, increased pressure from the client (British Library) put a lot of pressure on the project managers to unrealistically squeeze a lot of tasks within a short timeframe (that could potentially lead to an overall compromise of the project quality). Considering the mandate that the British Library has is of a public nature, there was a lot of public scrutiny and media surveillance that also added on to the pressure experienced by the project managers in meeting the project specifications (Wedgeworth 1993). This ultimately resulted in a lot of simultaneous task scheduling that fails to meet the required time schedules. Secondly, there was an unrealistic project scope that evi dently showed an inconsistency in the manner the project was to be undertaken and the time schedule allocated. In other words, the project had a wide scope that could not be accommodated in the set timeframe. The irrationality of the client also contributed to the widening of the project scope because various features were added to the project without carrying out a feasibility study to determine whether such changes could be accommodated. Such types of changes are normally estimated to result in months of project delays (Angel 2009). Thirdly, there was an obvious lack of clarity of project tasks and roles supposed to be undertaken by the project staff (Project Smart 2011). This means that there were instances of certain project staff doing the duties of another, and in the same manner, there were instances of certain project staff failing to do the duties that they were assigned.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on British Library Project specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This led to instances of overwork and time wastage to both groups of project staff; thereby leading to significant project delays. The lack of a clear breakdown of tasks also significantly affected the work of the project staff, with instances of staff misunderstandings becoming a common feature. Fourthly, there was a clear lack of risk management system where significant problems encountered in the course of undertaking the project were easily assumed to be repairable. In some instances, there was evidence of team members downplaying certain project challenges and assuming that they could be tabled in subsequent meetings. This created a situation where team members acted like they lived in a make-believe world where they believed that they could rescue a project at its last dying minutes without a comprehensive and all-inclusive plan that facilitated the achievement of such goals. This kind of short-term strategies meant to dea l with project challenges are not recommended by most project experts, as is affirmed by Angel (2009) who notes that: Ã¢â¬Å"All projects have problems; any one problem could destroy the plan and throw the project out of whack. If these problems are not identified and proactively resolved on an ongoing basis, things will only get worseÃ¢â¬ (p. 78). The lack of resources was a commonly voiced topic of concern among the project managers and which eventually lead to significant project delays. One of the most recognized factors was the delay in project funding by the relevant ministry which set back the completion of the project by a couple of months if not years. This issue can potentially cause a total halt to the project process, or in the same manner, lead to a slowdown of project functions (Angel 2009). In real sense, there is no way a project can be able to be completed in good time if the resources identified to complete the project within a given time schedule are not provid ed. For instance, if a project requires five developers, and only four are present, the likelihood of the project being completed in the given time is very low.Advertising Looking for report on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Lastly, there were significant delays evidenced out of experiencing damaged or missing infrastructure where certain tools to be used in the project completion (such as software, hardware, or documents) were either not availed at the project site or failed to work properly (Angel 2009). Significant delays were evidenced and compounded when such infrastructure were needed most; possibly to facilitate the transition of a given project task into another. In terms of costs escalation, the British library Project incurred more than 400 million pounds in excess of the estimated project costs. A number of reasons were attributed to this cost increase. Firstly, technical considerations accounted for the largest increase in project cost. Particularly, the lack of appropriate cost forecasting techniques contributed most to the projectÃ¢â¬â¢s cost escalation. Most importantly, there seemed to be a lack of inadequate data that could be relied on by the project experts to correctly estimate the project costs (Project Smart 2011). These two factors consequently contributed to the biggest increase in project costs. Secondly, there was a clear evidence of optimism-bias by the project managers which consequently led to an escalation of project costs (Flyvbjerg 2008, p. 3). In other words, there was evidence of the project managers and other project shareholders to overestimate the likelihood of positive cost expenses and downplaying the likelihood that the costs incurred may spillover the set budget. Finally, there were instances of the sociopolitical environment having an effect of the cost structure of the project, in the sense that, there was a strategic misrepresentation of the scope of the project and the nature of the budget in ensuring the project is completed in an affordable manner. Considering the British Library project was a matter of public interest, such kind of sociopolitical influence was widely expected to affect the project in the long-run. Responsibility of Project Managers Of the above reasons identified for project delays and cost escalation, some of them can be directly attributed to a failure of the project manager to effectively undertake his or her duties, but others are beyond the scope of the project manager. When critically analyzing the escalation of project costs, the technical and psychological causes of project increase can be significantly attributed to the failure of project managers to effectively undertake their duties in the project management process (Project Smart 2011). In detail, the project manager should have adopted good cost forecasting techniques that were beneficial to the specific project. The inclusion of wrong data into the entire process also significantly contributed to the problem because wrong inclusion of data was bound to result in wrong cost forecasting. In terms of the failure of the project to meet its laid down guidelines, a number of factors could be specifically attributed to the project mana ger. For instance, the lack of clarity of project tasks was a function of the project manager because as Project Smart (2011) affirms, the project manager is supposed to ensure that project tasks are correctly executed by the project staff. The incorrect task assessment of the project was also a failure of the project manager because Verzuh (2008, p. 39) notes that project managers are supposed to ensure successful planning of the project is done before the project is underway. Under the same role, the failure to come up with a reasonable project scope was also a failure of the project manager. The same can also be said regarding the evidence of overambitious time estimates by the project manager. The lack of formulation of good risk management systems was also a failure of the project manager because this task falls under the role of monitoring and controlling of project tasks (Verzuh 2008, p. 39). Comprehensively, the above factors sum up the roles supposed to be undertaken by the project manager, but the lack of resources for the undertaking of project tasks, and the failure to provide appropriate and efficient infrastructure for the successful completion of the project, could not be attributed to the project manager. In a similar manner, the sociopolitical factors that led to the cost increase cannot be entirely attributed to the project manager, but rather the department for culture, media and sports and the administrators of the national Library. Alternative Project Management Actions There are a number of strategies which could have been undertaken by the project managers to avert the above mentioned time and cost risks. With regards to the costs risks, the project manager should have had a cost contingency fund to shoulder any risks of cost escalation (Mincks 2004, p. 316). This fund should specifically cover the spillover of costs that were not factored in the initial cost scope of the project. This strategy has been derived from studies done to evalu ate the reasons for the escalation of costs in cost engineering processes (Mincks 2004, p. 316). In ensuring the project meets itÃ¢â¬â¢s laid down time schedule, the project manager needed to first critically analyze the details pertaining to the project (Luckey 2006, p. 203). This implies critically analyzing the requirements of the project so that he or she can correctly know what the project entails (right to the slightest of details). In instances where there is evidence of ambiguities, clarification should be sought and finally, professionals should be hired to iron-out the project requirements, functional demands and ultimately, the design requirements for the entire project. Emphasis should however be laid on the scope creep in the overall development of the project plan because it has the potential of killing the purpose of the project (Angel 2009, p. 157). In highly demanding situations, it is advisable for the project manager to aggressively reduce the project scope and to ultimately avoid the inclusion of any new features to the project plan which were otherwise not there in the first place. To avoid any negative resource implications, it is pertinent for the project manager to map out any available resources (Mincks 2004, p. 316). This strategy need to be undertaken with the project requirements in mind so that the required personnel are available on the ground to undertake all the project requirements. Also, the available funding need to be determined to ensure the project will be completed without any financial hiccups. The entire relevant infrastructure needed for the completion of the project also needs to be determined well in advance (before the start of the project). With regards to risk management procedures, the project manager should identify all possible risks in the project execution process and develop a contingency plan that will outline the strategies to be used to remedy such risks incase they occur. A back-up plan would also come in handy, in case any aspects of the project plan (like personnel failures) fail to materialize. This plan will ultimately be the support system for the entire process. To avoid problems brought about by a lack of clarity of project tasks, the project manager should assign roles and responsibilities to team members in a clear and concise manner (Mincks 2004, p. 316). This will ensure every project member knows what he or she is supposed to do, and at what time. In effectively coming up with a good plan to this effect, the project managers should use project management tools, such as Gantt charts to come up with the right time schedules for this purpose. A failure to observe this procedure will ultimately lead to an overlap of responsibilities, time wastage, duplication of employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ roles and responsibilities, and poor project quality. In undertaking this management strategy, the project managers also need to break down huge responsibilities into small and manageable roles. This implies the creation of sub-activities that are totally independent of each other, but which can be completed independently as well. After this breakdown is implemented, the smallest activities should be completed first; then the major activities follow. On a more general platform, the project manager should discourage the scheduling of many meetings meant to change the course of the project (Mincks 2004, p. 316). On the contrary, the project manager should only support meetings which are meant to solve pertinent problems only (on a need-by-need basis). Long and tedious meetings which have no clear-cut agenda are synonymous to a lot of time wastage and inefficiencies that are ultimately going to set back the completion of the project. Also, on a general basis, it is important for the project manager to document the critical underpinning of the project (Kohli 2006, p. 401). This means writing down the successes and failures of the projects on a sheet of paper so that future refe rencing can be done (with regards to the same project or subsequent projects). The project dashboard can come in handy when undertaking this task because it gives the project manager an overview of the project and enables him or her to quantify the progress made by the project team (in comparison to the laid down guidelines of the project plan). Conclusion This project assessment task exposes a number of lessons to be learnt in project management. Firstly, it exposes the fact that delays and cost implications are the most common types of risk in project management. In fact, these are the two factors identified as the sources of failure of the British library project. Secondly, we are able to learn that a single element of the project management process can be potentially fatal to the entire process. This implies that all areas of the project execution process need to be considered with equal seriousness. Thirdly, we can see that a majority of the problems assumed to be project risks fall within the mandate of the project manager. This means that the roles of the project manager need to be carefully checked in the execution of project plans. However, we can be able to see that there is a strong need for the coordination of project tasks and the roles of other project stakeholders (like sponsors); because not all project risks can be contained by the project manager. Comprehensively, these factors encompass the lessons to be learnt from the British library project. References Angel, P. (2009) PMP Certification, a Beginners Guide. London, McGraw Hill Professional. Flyvbjerg, B. (2008) Curbing Optimism Bias and Strategic Misrepresentation in Planning: Reference class forecasting in practice. European Planning Studies, 16(1), 3Ã¢â¬â21. Kohli. (2006) Project Management Handbook. London, McGraw-Hill. Luckey, T. (2006) Software Project Management for Dummies. London, For Dummies. Mincks, W. (2004) Construction Jobsite Management. London, Cengage Learning. Project S mart. (2011) Role of the Project Manager. (Online) Available at: https://www.projectsmart.co.uk/role-of-the-project-manager.php . Sears, K. (2008) Construction Project Management: A Practical Guide to FieldÃ Construction Management. London, John Wiley and Sons. Verzuh, E. (2008) The Fast Forward MBA in Project Management. London, John Wiley and Sons. Walravens, H. (2006) Newspapers of the World Online. London, Walter de Gruyter. Wedgeworth, R. (1993) World Encyclopedia of Library and Information Services (3 ed). London, ALA Editions.
Friday, February 28, 2020
Man and Computer Symbiosis - Essay Example Preface analyses point out that the symbiotic partnership will execute logical operations a lot more efficiently than man single-handedly can do them. Fundamentals for the achievement of the effectual, supportive association comprise developments in computer time distribution, in memory mechanism, in memory association, in programming languages, and in input and output tools. Man-computer symbiosis is a subset of man-machine setups. There are a lot of man-machine setups. Presently, yet, there are no man-computer symbioses. The expectation is that, in a few years, human thinking and computing technology will be joined in concert very strongly, and that the consequential company will think as human mind has never thought and process facts in a manner not moved toward by the data handling machines which is known at the present time. Nowadays computers are designed mainly to solve pre formulated problems or to process data in regards to prearranged processes. The way of the computation can be conditional upon consequences acquired throughout the computation, but all the substitutes must be foretold earlier. If an unanticipated alternative occurs, the entire process stops the progress of and waits for the required extension of the program. The necessity for pre formulation or predetermination has occasionally no great drawback. It is frequently said that programming for a computing machine compels everyone to think visibly, that it controls the thinking process. If the user can think his problem beforehand, symbiotic connection with a computing machine is not essential. Though, various problems that can be considered earlier are very hard to think through beforehand. They would be simple to solve, and they might be solved quicker, during an instinctively guided trial and error process in which the computer collab orate, lengthen errors in the reasoning or exposing unforeseen twists in the solution. Further troubles cleanly cannot be prepared without computing machine abet. Poi-care expected the disturbance of an imperative group of probable computer users. One of the leading goals of man and computer symbiosis is to take the computing machine efficiently into the formularize elements of technological problems. The other major aim is strongly linked. It is to bring computing machines efficiently into procedures of thinking that must continue in actual time, time that travels very fast to allow using computers in traditional ways. Visualize trying, for instance, to direct a battle with the help of a computer on such an agenda as this. You prepare your problem in the present day. Tomorrow you use up with a programmer. After a week the computer gives over 2 to 5 minutes to bring together your program and 50 seconds to analyzing the solution to your problem. You obtain a piece of paper 15 feet long, filled with numbers that, instead of having an ultimate solution, only recommend a method that should be searched by imitation. Undoubtedly, the fight or battle would be ended earlier than the second step in its preparation was started. To imagine in contact with a computer in the similar means that you consider with a partner whose capability increase your own will call for very much tight combinat ion among man and
Wednesday, February 12, 2020
Property Law Master - Essay Example 1 2) A tangible thing (things' in possession) i.e. books, chairs etc. It also means an intangible thing (things in action). They have no physical existence i.e. patents, debts, copyrights, trademarks, shares. A very crucial information missing is on the type of "property" that Madam Eve Wong was to sell to Mr. Adam Lee. It is very important to make such as distinction because it has an impact on the remedies available in case of default. The English Law divides property into real and personal property. Although some other legal systems had divided property into movable and immovable. The distinction between real and personal property is of historical origin and is based on the different kinds of remedies available to a dispossessed person and the court action necessary to enforce it. Mr. Adam Lee should know what legal action he may have in case Madam Eve Wong dispossessed him of the property. If dispossessed of his land, Mr. Adam will have the right to get back the very thing he had i.e. land. He would have a right in Rem (a right in the thing). It is only the thing dispossessed that would compensate him. Therefore it would not be enough that Madam Eve Wong compensates him only with damages. This right in Rem grew out of a relationship between a person and a thing. The court action is called a real action. He is granted specific performance. If dispossessed of anything else (including... The legal relationship, cannot be defined unless other person is ascertained i.e. owing a car, a chair, watch is related to a seller. The person dispossessed could only obtain monetary compensation from the person who dispossessed him i.e. damages. The court action is called personal action and the property recovered, personal property or personality. 2 Because of the distinction in the available remedies, it has to be established of which class of property that Madam Eve Wong has sold to Mr. Adam Lee belongs. Real Property Real property consists of land, including buildings on land and trees and crops that grow on it and the rights over land. It also includes water on land. There is a rule that: - "cujus - est solum, ejus est usque and coclum et ad internos". It means "whose is the soil; his is also that which is up to the sky and down to the depths of the earth". This maxim states that: - Land ownership refers to the soil, what is above and what is below. The question of whether the fountain was included in the contract of sale of the property can be well answered using this maxim. The fountain is not somewhere else in separate land. It is on the land that is being sold. 3 The agreement fails short of explaining the specific property that the seller intended to pass to the buyer. The term "property" here is ambiguous since it is not descriptive but general. The use that Mr. Adam intends to put the property would also be of essence in determining whether the agreement included the fountain. From the case, it has been stated that the fountain was freely standing in the garden. The information missing here is the height at which the fountain is standing. It is important because the buyer of land has a